Qomolangma National Nature Preserve (QNNP)-Chomolungma Nature Reserve (QNP)
Mt. Everest National Nature Reserve locates at four counties of Tingri, Nyalam, Gyirong and Tingkye. The location is about 27-29 degrees north latitude and 84-88 degrees east longitude. It has the area of 3.381 million hectares. The main protection objects are high mountains and the plateau ecological system. For example, Mt. Everest and four high mountains above 8,000 meteres are inside. Thus, the Nature Reserve has very high value in scientific research. If you travel to Tibet and want to challenge yourself, you can go to this amazing place and enjoy the stunning view.
History of Mt. Everest National Nature Reserve
In the March of 1988, the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) Government officially announced the setting up of Mt. Everest National Nature Reserve. After that, in August 1989, the Administration Bureau of Mt. Everest National Nature Reserve was built in Shigatse area. Finally, in 1994, it became a National Nature Reserve.
Rich Natural Resources
Mt. Everest National Nature Reserve is the highest National Nature Reserve in China. It has Gama Valley, one of the Ten Spectaculars in the world. Also, from the snow line of 5,500 to 6,000 meters lies perpetual snow around the year. Therefore, the snow forms glaciers year by year.For example, the biggest glacier in the reserve is Rongphu Glacier. It is 22.2 kilometers long and covers 86.89 square kilometers.
The water resources in the reserve are plentiful. From them, the biggest river-Pengqu main stream and its branch contains the water power of 2,930 thousand kilowatts. There are many lakes as well. For example, Peiku Tso covers around 300 square kilometers. In addition, there scatter other small plateau lakes as well.
Plant and Animal Resources
According to the preliminary survey, there are 2,348 advanced plants in the reserve. Among them, there are 2,106 angiosperms and 20 gymnosperms. In addition, the fern plants are 222 kinds; mosses are 472 kinds; lichens are 172 kinds and fungus are 136 kinds. Also, there are various kinds of animals in the reserve. For example, there are 53 kinds of mammals, 206 kinds of birds, 8 kinds of amphibians, 5 kinds of fish and 6 kinds of reptiles.